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    Camille COROT

    Paris, 1796– Ville d’Avray, France, 1875

    Corot was born in Paris to a wealthy family of cloth merchants. He followed his father into the family business, but studied painting at a school at night. When his father bought a second home in Ville d’Avray, Corot turned part of it into his studio and painted there while on holiday. At the age of 26, he decided to become a professional painter. He studied landscape painting in the manner of the Academic school, first with Achille Etna Michallon and then with Jean-Victor Bertin, before traveling to Italy, where he spent three years. In the luxuriant light of Italy, he applied himself with a passion. The color sense and mastery of the expression of light he achieved were highly regarded. He later revisited Italy twice. He also traveled widely in France, painting other landscapes as well as those of Ville d’Avray and Fontainebleau. His unwavering focus on natural detail and sharp contrasts between light and shadow had a strong influence on the Impressionists and later generations of artists. In old age he painted landscapes in which realism is combined with lyrical and imaginary feeling. He also produced numerous masterworks of figure painting and portraiture.

    拡大《Ville d'Avray》

    COROT, Camille

    《Ville d'Avray》

    1835-40  Oil on canvas

    As a network of railroads was built in France, star ting the 1830s, painters could take brief trips to distant places. Corot, a landscape painter, traveled throughout France, taking their varied sights as his subject. In spring and summer, he sketched out of doors, later creating paintings based on his sketches at his atelier in fall and winter.
    Corot’s father had purchased a country house in the small town of Ville d’Avray, about twelve kilometers west of Paris, when the area had few houses and a wealth of natural beauty. Corot made part of the main house the atelier where he painted the area’s beautiful scenery throughout his career. He frequently visited the area and painted there between painting excursions to other parts of the country, particularly after his second trip to Italy, in 1834.
    This painting dates from that period. It makes effective use of the contrast of light and dark and is painted painstakingly down to the smallest details. The dark foreground and bright background generate a sense of depth. The dark green woods and blue sky spread across the canvas; light filtered through the trees falls on the path. Between the rhythmically arranged trees on the left, we glimpse the surface of a lake. The brown cow and the woman standing in the middle of the path strengthen this work’s lyrical ambiance. 

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    《Ville d'Avray》