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    Pierre-Auguste RENOIR

    Limoges, France, 1841– Cagnes-sur-Mer, France, 1919

    Renoir moved to Paris with his family at about the age of four. His family was poor, and the young Renoir contributed to its livelihood by painting designs on porcelain. While studying at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris and the studio of the Academic painter Charles Gleyre, he became close friends with Monet, Sisley, and Bazille. The paintings of people enjoying themselves at La Grenouillère on the lower Seine that Renoir and Monet produced in 1869 marked the birth of Impressionism. Renoir participated in the first Impressionist Exhibition, organized by the Batignolles Group, who were influenced by Manet, in 1874 and enthusiastically participated in the second (1876) and third (1877) as well. While continuing with Monet to explore the effects of light and air when painting landscapes en plein air, he was also among the Impressionists who were, from early on, interested in life in the city. Early in the 1880s, he traveled to Algeria and Italy. Following that trip, he studied the classical paintings of Ingres and Raphael. It was about then that he married Aline Victorine Charigot, with whom he had three children. In his last years, he lived in Paris and Cagnes-sur-Mer, producing many voluptuous nudes and other paintings of women.

    拡大《Mlle Georgette Charpentier Seated》

    RENOIR, Pierre-Auguste

    《Mlle Georgette Charpentier Seated》

    1876  Oil on canvas

    Renoir, an Impressionist, painted landscapes en plein air, as did his friend Monet. He also displayed an interest, early on, in urban genre scenes and paintings of the human figure. From his mid thirties, Renoir created many superb portraits.
    The subject of this por trait is Georgette, the four-year-old daughter of Georges Charpentier. Seated on a chair, she is wearing a blue dress and socks and smiling. Renoir has vividly rendered his model’s relaxed state, in contrast to the formal atmosphere of the conventional portrait. Her rather grown-up pose, with her legs crossed, contrasts with the chair, which is too large for her, and highlights the little girl’s charm. Looking closer, we see that Renoir used blue lines in the shadows. The floor is covered with a carpet, and a vase of flowers decorates the chest behind her, giving us a sense of what affluent households in nineteenth-century Paris were like.
    Charpentier, a Parisian publisher, both published novels by Zola and Maupassant and held a literary salon in his home. His wife Marguerite ran the salon, at which artists, politicians, and others could mingle. In 1875, the couple purchased three works by Renoir at the auction held by Impressionist painters. The artist thereafter was on close terms with both of them. The portrait of Georgette was the first Charpentier family portrait that Renoir was commissioned to produce. 

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    《Mlle Georgette Charpentier Seated》